Wednesday, November 08, 2006

Daf Yomi - Beitza 13 - Carrying and Kindling are the Exception

The Gemora states that once carrying from one domain to another was permitted regarding items necessary for food preparation, it was also permitted to carry items that are not related to food. This concept is also cited regarding lighting a fire on Yom Tov.

The Rambam rules that this principle of 'mitoch' is only permitted regarding these two melachos, carrying and kindling a fire. Magid Mishna explains that since carrying items from one domain to another is relevant to the food items themselves, that is why the permission extends to other objects. Other melochos are also permitted for food-related purposes, but we do not find that permission regarding the food itself, rather only to the preparation of the food. this is why the permission is not extended to instances where there is no necessary benefit for it on Yom Tov. Lighting a fire is permitted even for preparation of food, such as kindling the wood and nonetheless one is allowed to kindle a fire on Yom Tov for purposes unrelated to food. This is derived from the verse which states that one is obligated not to kindle a fire on Shabbos.' It is inferred from there that it is forbidden to light a fire on Shabbos, but on Yom Tov it will be permitted.

The Lechem Mishna asks that the same logic that the Magid Mishna applied to explain bishul can be used to explain carrying. The possuk in Yirmiya states that one should not transfer items from one's house on Shabbos. It can be inferred that on Yom Tov, it would be permitted to carry.

The Pri Megadim in his introduction to Hilcos Yom Tov answers that we cannot learn out from the pesukkim in Yirmiyah. He does not offer a reason for this.

Sheorim Mitzuyanim B'halacha states that the melocha of carrying is regarded as an inferior type of melocha as is stated in Tosfos in Shabbos. This can possibly explain why the principle of mitoch applies to the melocha of carrying.


Anonymous said...

What does the Rambam do with the first piece of gemara that applies "mitoch" to shechitah?

Avromi said...

I was wondering that last night, but i think the answer is that the gemora shlugs up that mehalech. ill check if someone says that.

Avromi said...

The Bach, Pnei Yehoshua and others ask your question. The Netziv in Hemek shaila answers that its a machlokes amoraim and the Rambam paskens like Rabbah. The Pnei Yehoshua states that any melocha that has to do with the ochel itself we say mitoch, but otherwise its only be hotzaah and bishul.