Sunday, December 31, 2006

Daf Yomi - Rosh Hashana 26 - Belt of the Kohen Gadol

The Gemora explained the reason as to why the kohen gadol cannot wear his gold garments into the Holy of Holies when performing the Yom Kippur service. This is based on the rule en kategor na'aseh sanegor - a prosecuting attorney cannot become a defense attorney.

The Turei even asks that this does not explain why the avnet, the belt of the kohen gadol on Yom Kippur was different that the one he wore during the year During the year, the belt consisted of wool and linen and on Yom Kippur, it was made only out of linen. Since there wasn’t gold anyway, what was the purpose for the change?

It is written in Vayikra “You shall observe My statutes: You shall not crossbreed your livestock with different species. You shall not sow your field with a mixture of seeds, and a garment which has a mixture of shaatnez shall not come upon you.” (Judaica Press) The Ramban cites the Rambam in Moreh Nevuchim to explain the reason for this prohibition. It was well known that the clothes that the sorcerers used to wear when they were performing their black magic were made out of wool and linen. Their activities were performed for the sake of their idols and demons. The Torah wanted Klal Yisroel to distance themselves from idolatry and therefore prohibited the wearing of clothes that contained wool and linen. The Chinuch uses a similar analogy to explain the prohibition.

Rav Elyashiv Shlita says that it emerges from these Rishonim that one of the concepts behind the prohibition of wearing shatnez is based on idolatry. Perhaps this can explain why the kohen gadol does not wear the belt of shatnez into the Holy of Holies on Yom Kippur. A garment consisting of wool and linen is regarded as a kategor – a prosecutor since it bears resemblance to the idolaters clothing.

2 comments:

ben said...

1. I don't understand the Turei Even's question. The Kohen Gadol did not wear the bigdei zahav in the Kodesh Kadoshim because of אין קטיגור, but he wore all white in the Kodesh Kadoshim, and this was not limited to the אבנט. Furthermore, Rav Elyashiv's answer is difficult to understand because the Ramban himself in the begiining of Vayikra rejects the Rambam's thesis that korbanos are brought to negate the pagans, yet Rav Elyashiv is using the Rambam to explain how the avodah was being performed to negate idolatry. Unelss you will say that the Ramban quotes the Rambam and the Ramban himslef will also disagree with the Rambam regarding this.

Avromi said...

His question is that why did the avnet have to be changed. if there wasnt gold in it anyways, keep it the same as during the year.

The Rambam's opinion is still his opinion even though the ramban disagrees.