Thursday, October 26, 2006

Daf Yomi - Sukkah 54 - Infrequency of Yom Kippur on Motzei Shabbos

The Gemora cites a Braisa in Shabbos that when Yom Kippur falls out on a Friday, they do not blow like they usually blew in the Mikdash on Friday since the purpose was to indicate that it is time to stop working before Shabbos, when it is Yom Kippur and there is no work anyway, there is no need for the tekios. The Braisa continues that if Yom Kippur is on a Sunday, we do not recite havdala on Motzei Shabbos. Rashi states that we do not recite havdala with a cup of wine like we would do from Motzei Shabbos to Yom Tov since Shabbos is stricter than Yom Tov, however when it's from Shabbos to Yom Kippur where there is still a prohibition on doing work, there is no necessity for havdala.

The Gemora in Eruvin (40b) rules that one does not recite shehechiyonu on Yom Kippur according to the opinion who holds that this brocha obligates someone to drink and on Yom Kippur, this is not possible. The Gemora questions this ruling by asking that the cup of wine can be given to a minor to drink and the Gemora responds that we are concerned that the minor will sin on a future Yom Kippur. He will mistakenly think that drinking is permitted.

The poskim rule that this would be the halacha regarding Tisha B'Av on a Motzei Shabbos. We do not recite havdala and give the wine to a child for we are worried that he will think in the future that it is permitted to drink on Tisha B'Av.

There is an argument in the Rishonim pertaining to an instance where there is a bris milah on Tisha B'Av. Tosfos rules that the wine can be given to the yoledes or a child and we are not concerned that they will sin in the future. The distinction is since this case does not happen on a regular basis and the Chachamim did not issue their decree here. Tisha B'Av on a Motzei Shabbos is frequent and happens once every few years, therefore there is a decree. Beis Yosef (559) cites other Rishonim who disagree and maintain that even by a bris milah, we don give the wine to a child to drink.

All agree when Tisha B'Av is on a motzei Shabbos that havdala is not recited. Rav Elyashiv infers from our Rashi that he would disagree. Rashi explains our Gemora that there is no havdala with wine when Yom Kippur falls on a Motzei Shabbos since there is no necessity for havdala because it is forbidden to perform work on Yom Kippur. It can be inferred that without that reason, havdala with wine would be recited and a child would drink the wine. We would not be concerned that he might sin in the future since it is regarded as infrequent, even though Yom Kippur falls out on Motzei Shabbos every few years. Reciting shehechiyonu on Yom Kippur and giving to a minor to drink is not allowed since this would be a yearly concern.