Tuesday, January 30, 2007

Daf Yomi - Taanis 22 - THE WORLD TO COME HAS MANY DIFFERENT LEVELS

Rav Broka of Bnei Chuzaa would frequent the market of Lapat. Eliyahu HaNavi was accustomed to meeting him there.

"Is there anyone in this market," Rav Broka asked Eliyahu, "worthy of the World to Come?"

"No," said Eliyahu HaNavi.

Sheorim Mitzuyanim B’halacha asks that it seems strange that there would be nobody in the entire market area that would be worthy of the World to Come.

Rabbi Akiva Eiger points out a Toras Chaim in Sanhedrin (88b) who explains the Gemora which states that every Jew has a portion in the World to Come. This is referring to a person after he dies and is punished for his sins; he then becomes eligible for the World to Come.

Rav Broka was searching for someone that is worthy for the World to Come even while he is alive.

From the answer of our Gemora, it would seem that a simple person who performs mitzvos merits a portion in the World to Come providing that he doesn’t sin.

Rav Aharon Kotler (Mishnas Reb Aharon 3, P. 243) makes a distinction between the Mishna in Avos which states that every person ahs a portion in the World to Come and our Gemora which is referring to someone who is destined for the World to Come, someone whose entire being and life can be describes as an ‘olam habodike yid.’

The Shalah Hakodosh writes that there are three levels in the World to Come. Someone can merely have a portion in the World to Come. Others can inherit the World to Come. The highest level is someone who is a ‘ben olam habah.’

2 comments:

Anonymous said...

I was curious to know how a "ben olam haba" compares to a person who gets greeted by the "mesivta d'rekia" as the gemara relates about Abba Umna. I didnt get a chance to do much research. Did anybody come across a pshat on this?

Henach

eliezer said...

The Ein Ya'acov has a couple meforshim who explain also along these lines.