Wednesday, June 06, 2007

Desecrating his Words - Yevamos 34 - Daf Yomi

The Mishna in Makkos states that a person can commit one action of plowing and be liable for eight transgressions.

The Gemora asks: Couldn’t the Mishna list a ninth; if he took an oath not to plow on Yom Tov?

The Gemora answers: He has already been sworn from Har Sinai not to violate Yom Tov and therefore the oath does not take affect.

The Ran explains the principle: An oath must be regarding something voluntary; anything that a person is obligated to do regardless of his oath is not binding. However, this is only relevant to the bringing of a korban chatas if he would violate the oath, but in respect of transgressing the oath intentionally, he would incur the thirty-nine lashes.

Reb Akiva Eiger asks on the Ran from the Gemora in Makkos: The Gemora was discussing the amount of lashes one could possibly receive for committing one action that entails many different transgressions. The Gemora states that an oath cannot be included for a person is sworn from Har Sinai prior to uttering the oath against plowing on Yom Tov. According to the Ran, it should still be included because it is another prohibition that incurs the penalty of lashes?

Reb Akiva Eiger understands the Gemora that the oath does not have any validity whatsoever because of the principle that one prohibition cannot take effect on an existing prohibition.

Reb Shmuel Rozovksy asks: Why don’t both prohibitions take effect simultaneoulsy; the oath does not take effect until the beginning of Yom Tov and that is precisely the same moment that the prohibition against engaging in labor on Yom Tov commences?

Reb Elchonon Wasserman states: The principle that one prohibition cannot take effect on an existing prohibition is not applicable to an oath. He cites a Tosfos as proof to this: Tosfos states that the principle of one prohibition not taking effect on an existing prohibition would not apply to a case where one eats on Yom Kippur and simultaneously carries the food in his mouth from one domain to another. Although, the swallowing of the food causes both transgressions it is regarded as two different actions; swallowing and carrying.

Reb Elchonon explains regarding one who violates an oath by eating something he swore not to eat or by plowing a field when he swore that he wouldn’t; the transgression is not the eating or plowing, but rather the desecration of his words the oath. It is therefore not considered the same action which causes the other prohibition, and the principle of one prohibition not taking effect on an existing one would not be applicable.


Anonymous said...

I digress
Here is a Doozy I heard today A girl at her Sheva brachos on Shabbos lit candles on a chair on the side, that night the Janitor a non Jew cleaned up and put the Candles away now the chair is Assur and it was mixed up with the other chairs but it will become Muttar later so it is not Botul Brov so what do we do now there is an answer its a Noda BeYehuda?lets hear your idea