Monday, July 23, 2007

LEARNING ON TISHA B'AV

We learned in a braisa: All ordinances applicable to a mourner are effective for everyone on Tisha B’Av. One must not eat, drink, anoint himself, wear leather shoes, or engage in marital relations. One is not permitted to read from the Torah, Prophets or the Writings. The Mishna, Gemora, Medrash, Halachos and Aggados may not be discussed. One may read from Scriptures or study from the Talmud in a place that he is not familiar with. He is allowed to read from Lamentations, Iyuv and from the unpleasant verses in Yirmiyah. Schoolchildren must not learn on that day because it is written: "The precepts of Hashem are upright, rejoicing the heart." Rabbi Yehuda disagrees and maintains that one may not even read nor study anything that he is not familiar with.

It is said in the name of the Maharsham that if a person thought of a novel idea in Torah on Tisha B’Av, he is permitted to write it down in an abbreviated manner in order that he does not forget it by the time nightfall arrives.

Aruch HaShulchan (554:5) rules that one is permitted to rule on a Torah related issue that is necessary for that day and he is allowed to settle a dispute after midday, where the litigants are advocating for an immediate resolution.

Maharil Diskin writes that even though the Rav is permitted to issue a ruling on Tisha B’Av, he is forbidden to accept payment.

The Maharsham writes that he compelled himself to conclude a response regarding a heter agunah on Tisha B’Av since the Bach writes: “Kol hamatir agunah achas ke’ilu banah achas mi’churvos Yerushalayim” – Whoever releases one agunah, it is regarded as if he built one of the ruins of Yerushalayim. (Sheorim Mitzuyanim B’halacha)

11 comments:

Anonymous said...

What are you allowed to learn On tishabav?the whole Moed Kotton?

Avromi said...

Perek Ein Megalchin, even though it talks about menudeh and cheirem, but he should not delve into it too much.

Anonymous said...

Is there a list some where what i can learn?

Avromi said...

S"A 554, Iyov, bad parts of Yirmiyah, Medrash Eichah, 3rd perek in Moed Katan, 3 blat in Gittin starting on 55b.

Anonymous said...

Thank you

Avromi said...

Pleasure, there is more as well. When you finish that, come back.

Anonymous said...

Things that are forbidden on Tisha B'Av
דברים האסורים בתשעה באב

554:1
Tisha be-Av is prohibited for bathing, annointing, wearing [leather] shoes, and bedroom activity, and it is forbidden to read from Torah, Ne-vee-im or Ke-too-vim, or to learn Mishna, Midrash, Gemarah, Halachot or Agadot , since it says "The commands of hashem are proper, [and] bring joy to the heart" (Tehilim 19,9), [nevertheless] children in school can pass their time with them, but one {an adult} can read Iyyov and the negative sectiona in Yermiyah. If among them {these texts} there are any comforting verses, one should skip them.
סעיף א

תשעה באב אסור ברחיצה וסיכה ונעילת הסנדל ותשמיש המטה, ואסור לקרות בתורה נביאים וכתובים, ולשנות במשנה ובמדרש ובגמרא בהלכות ובאגדות, משום שנאמר פקודי ה' ישרים משמחי לב (תהילים יט, ט) ותינוקות של בית רבן בטלים בו אבל קורא הוא באיוב ובדברים הרעים שבירמיה; ואם יש ביניהם פסוקי נחמה, צריך לדלגם.

554:2
It is permitted to learn Midrash on Eichah and the chapter [of Talmud] "Ay-loo meh-gal-chin" {These [people are permitted to] shave [during chol ha-mo-ed]} {Chapter 3 of Mo-ed Kattan}, and similarly to learn commentaries on Eichah and commentaries on Iyyov.
סעיף ב

ומותר ללמוד מדרש איכה ופרק אלו מגלחין, וכן ללמוד פירוש איכה ופירוש איוב.

554:3
There are those that forbid learning by way of general thoughts.
סעיף ג

יש מי שאוסר ללמוד ע"י הרהור.

554:4
It is permitted to read the entire order for the day {daily prayers}, the [Torah] readings for the Korbanot, the Mishna of "Ey-ze-hoo Me-kom-un" {Mishna describing the manner of offering Korbanot} and the Midrash of Rabbi Yishmael. Rema Note: It is permitted to review the [Torah] portions for the day on on the ninth of Av {for the purpose of reading them for the congregation} (Minhagim).
סעיף ד

ומותר לקרות כל סדר היום, ופרשת הקרבנות, ומשנת איזהו מקומן, ומדרש רבי ישמעאל.

הגה: ומותר לחזור הפרשה בתשעה באב (מנהגים).

554:5
Women who are pregnant or nursing fast on Tisha Be-Av in the same way as they fast and complete it on Yom Kippur, but for the other three fasts they are exempt from fasting, nevertheless it is proper that they do not eat for pleasure with [quantity or selection of] food and drink, rather as much as is needed for the needs of the infant (See earlier Siman 550, Se'if 1)
סעיף ה

עוברות ומיניקות מתענות בט' באב כדרך שמתענות ומשלימות ביום כפור; אבל בג' צומות אחרים פטורים מלהתענות, ואף על פי כן ראוי שלא תאכלנה להתענג במאכל ובמשתה, אלא כדי קיום הולד (וע"ל סי' תק"נ סעיף א').

Barry said...

Thank you Mr. Anon: Is that online someplace?

Anonymous said...

Wikisource amazing i just found it it has all of shulchan aurach on tishbav and they are looking for people to do the rest

Anonymous said...

Which gemurah in Sanhedrin is allowed?

Avromi said...

parts dealing with churban in perek hachelek