Sunday, July 16, 2006

Daf Yomi - Yoma 39 - Kezayis by Kodoshim

The Gemora states that in the times of Shimon Hatzadik, there was a blessing in the lechem hapanim and a kohen who would eat a kezayis would be satisfied, but afterwards they would only receive a portion the size of a bean and therefore the righteous people would not partake for they would not be fulfilling the mitzva. Tosfos Yeshonim comments that if they would have become satiated from a portion the size of a bean, they would have fulfilled their mitzva.

Chasam Sofer says a chidush in the mitzva of achilas kodoshim. If one person eats from the korban the size of a kezayis and the rest of the kohanim all have less than a kezayis, that is sufficient in respect to the korban. The first kohen is the only one that fulfilled his mitzva. This is why the righteous ones held back from eating when it was only the size of a bean.

The Beis Halevi explains the Tosfos Yeshonim that there is a distinction between pesach and other korbonos. Pesach, there is an obligation on the individual and he is required to eat a kezayis. By the other korbonos, the mitzva is that the korban should be eaten, and if accumulatively the korban was eaten, even though there was no kohen who had a kezayis, that is sufficient.

According to the Beis Halevi, we do not understand why the righteous ones held back from eating when it was only the size of a bean, as long as everyone ate the entire lechem hapanim, the mitzva would be fulfilled?

(Shemuas Chaim attempts to answer this, however it is not clear to me )

7 comments:

Anonymous said...

Perhaps the tzaddikim did not want to eat unless there was mitzvah in their own eating. Although the mitzvah vis-a-vis kodashim had been fulfilled, their own eating did not contribute to it so they deferred.

Avromi said...

Their eating did contribute to it - by completing it

Aton said...

Perhaps one could say there is a mitzvah kiyumis if not chiyuvis in eating Kodshim, apart from the desideratum that Kodshim be completely eaten, so that the tzaddikim preferred that someone out there be able to eat a kezayis and a kiyum mitzvah could happen rather than middas s'dom kind of situation of sheli sheli v'shelach shelach?

Avromi said...

i dont think the choice was that someone was going to eat a kezayis, everyone was only getting k'pul.

ben said...

could be they did not eat anything because even though the mitzvah would be fulfilled, the gemara states that there was a curse on it, so they did not want to partcipate in the curse

Avromi said...

The curse was that it didnt satiate and each one got less - there wasnt a curse in the lechem hapanim mamash

Anonymous said...

Nice colors. Keep up the good work. thnx!
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