Sunday, July 16, 2006

Daf Yomi Yoma 39 - Torah has sympathy on the money of Klal Yisroel

The Gemora states that the reason that the קלפי - box for the lots were not made out of gold or silver, rather out of wood, was beacause the Torah has sympathy on the money of Klal Yisroel. The Ritva explains that even though there were many things in the Beis Hamikdosh that were made out of gold, the box for the lots was not really used for an avodah and it was only used once and it wasn't actally min haTorah, therefore it was wood.

The Gevuros Ari asks from a Gemora in Rosh Hashana that states that the shofar which was used on a taanis was made out of silver because the Torah has sympathy on the money of Klal Yisroel, but on Rosh Hashana it was coated with gold because it was an honor for Yom Tov. Shouldn't we apply the same logic regarding the box used for the lots on Yom Kippur? The Turei Even answers that the shofar is an integral component of Rosh Hashana and there the honor of Yom tov is the superior logic, however the box for the lots is not the central theme of Yom Kippur and therefore we are not as concerned with the honor of Yom Tov and we apply the logic that the Torah has sympathy on the money of Klal Yisroel.

There are two sources for the logic of the Torah has sympathy on the money of Klal Yisroel. One is from the plague of tzaraas on a house which the Torah commands a person to remove everything from the house before the kohen proclaims the house to be tamei. The Torah does not want the possessions in the house to become tamei. The other basis is from Hashem telling Moshe to speak to the rock which will produce water for the people and their cattle. The Chasam Sofer and the Noda B'Yehuda both say that a second passuk is required to teach us even when there is a slight rationale for the Torah not to have compassion on their money, nevertheless, the Torah does. However, they differ as to which passuk teaches this to us. The Chasam Sofer says that this is learned from the possuk of tzaraas where in truth, the kohen should pronounce that the house is tamei immediately and not delay at all, nonetheless we wait in order that one should have the time for the removal of his possessions. The Noda B'Yehuda learns this from the passuk regarding the water and the cattle. He explains using the concept of something that is not in the order of nature, rather a miracle, Hashem's will is to minimize the miracle and yet He was concerned of the thirst of the animals as well.

In the sefer, Teshuva Meahava, he comments that there are four times in Shas that the Gemora brings התורה חסה על ממונן של ישראל regarding the utensils in the Beis Hamikdash and corresponding to that there are four times the Gemora brings the concept of אין עניות במקום עשירות.

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