Monday, July 10, 2006

Which Mitzva takes Precedence? - Yoma 34 - Daf yomi

The Gemora on Daf 34a learns out the obligation of nesachim - the wine libations by the two temidin which were brought every day. There is an argument there if we learn the morning tamid from the afternoon or vice-versa. Tosfos comments that there would be a difference l'halacha if they would have only enough nesachim for one korban, Which tamid should have the nesachim. Is the primary tamid the morning or the afternoon. Rabeinu Chananel says that there is no difference l'halacha, it's just a matter as to how we expound the pesukim. The Sfas Emes asks on Tosfos that the din should be clearly that whichever mitzva one is holding by, that is the one he should perform and if one is ready to bring the morning tamid, he should bring the nesachim with that one, even if the afternoon tamid is the primary one.

This actually is an argument between the Radvaz (187) and the Chacham Tzvi (106) regarding a person who was in jail and he did not have the ability to perform any mitzvos and his captors gave him one day that he can choose to be released and perform the mitzvos of that day, which day should he choose. The Radvaz says he should choose the first opportunity that he has and the Chacham Tzvi disagrees and holds that one should wait until there is a mitzva of great prominence.

The Biur Halacha (109) has a shaila if one davens normally a long shemone esrei and he will certainly miss kedusha, should he daven with the tzibur and fulfill the mitzva of tefila b'tzibur or should he wait and fulfill the mitzva of reciting kedusha.

3 comments:

ben said...

regarding the Biur Halachah, does the Mishanh Berurah not say that one in middle of Shemone Esrei should rush to finish and say kedusah? sounds like a different shailah though. just musing.

Anonymous said...

I had a similar heoro on the Radvaz on a different piece on the same daf. The Rabbanan have two pesukim to teach us that one should bring the best animal for both optional korbanos and obligatory korbanos. Someone asked me what should you do if you have one best animal, should it be used for the obligatory korban or the optional one? I said that it's not clear if there is a preferance as to which korban should be best, but I think according to the Radvaz the first korban brought should be the better one, rather than wait for the second one. Ephraim Nisenbaum

Anonymous said...

this q is also the root of machlokes what is the chidush of "osek b'mitzvah patur memitzva" if one must pass over a mitzva to do a more important, this is then the dif when one actualy is doing the mitzva. if, however, one is not obliged, then one must hold like the ran that the chidush is even if both mitzvos are possible to do.

by the way, from memory i think mishna berura says that if one is in the middle of tefila he should not rush to finish so he can answer kdusha...