Sunday, December 10, 2006

Daf Yomi - Rosh Hashana 5 - Highlights


The Gemora explains the reason why the Torah compares the Festival of Sukkos to Pesach. Just like on Pesach, there is an obligation for a person to stay overnight in Yerushalayim; so too there is the same requirement on Sukkos.

The Gemora cites another source teaching that Shavuos has a seven day compensation period for anyone that didn’t bring the korban on the first day. Rabbah bar Shmuel taught a braisa that states the following: The Torah stated that one should count days and sanctify Rosh Chodesh and it is written in the Torah to count days and sanctify Shavuos. Just as Rosh Chodesh is sanctified for the same amount of time as the unit by which it is counted (one day), so too Shavuos in sanctified for the same amount of time that it is counted by (a week). This teaches us that if one did not bring the korban on Shavuos, he has another six days to compensate.
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The Gemora asks on this that we count days to Shavuos as well and therefore its sanctity should be only one day and not seven. Rava answers that there is an obligation to count days and weeks to Shavuos and therefore we can learn that there is a seven day compensation period. Furthermore, the Torah explicitly refers to the festival as Shavuos, meaning ‘weeks.’ (4b – 5a)

The Gemora cites the sources for all the different obligations that are subject to the prohibition against delaying. (5b)


We learn that there is an obligation for delaying a korban but not for delaying its substitute. The Gemora thinks initially that this is referring to a korban that was lost and another was selected in its place. The Gemora rejects this explanation and concludes that we are referring to a case where two festivals passed and the korban became blemished and he subsequently sanctified another korban in its place. One might think that if another festival passes without him bringing the korban, he will have transgressed the prohibition against delaying since the second korban is a substitute of the first one and they are considered one korban. The Torah teaches us that he does not violate the prohibition until he delays for three festivals on each individual korban.

The Gemora cites several sources to teach us that even if one delays on the bringing of a korban, the korban is still valid. (5b)