Monday, January 22, 2007


The Rambam in Hilchos Taanis (1:40 writes that there is a Rabbinical obligation to fast when Klal Yisroel is in distress and on the fast day, we call out in prayer and sound the trumpets. .

The Magen Avraham (576) wonders why the trumpets are not blown today.

The Nesiv Chaim answers that since the mitzva is derived from the passuk which states “And when the battle will enter your land,” it emerges that the obligation is only in Eretz Yisroel and not in any other lands.

The Mishna Berura cites this answer and adds from the Pri Megadim that the mitzva in Eretz Yisroel is limited to the times that the Beis Hamikdosh is in existence and Eretz Yisroel is in Klal Yisroel’s control but now, it is not called “our land.” The Ramban in one answer seems to say that the mitzva of sounding the trumpets is only in Eretz Yisroel.

The Minchas Chinuch (331:3) questions this explanation because generally a mitzva which rests on the head of a person (and not the ground) does not get excluded from the fact that the passuk states “your land.”

The Netziv cites a proof against the Nesiv Chaim from the incident where Pinchas was waging war against Midyan and he sounded the chatzotzros even though he wasn’t in Eretz Yisroel.

The Netziv answers that the mitzva is limited to the times that the Aron (Holy Ark) is with us and traveling along with Klal Yisroel during the war.


Ohad Shalom Yishai said...

The minchas chinuch himself lists a few mitzvot similar to eglah arufah, kiddush hachodesh, and semicha that apply only in eretz yisrael. it's surprising he doesn't answer that this mitzvah too is similar to the latter. any mitzvah that is tzibbur related applies only in eretz yisrael. thus war, as well as a tannis tzibbur can be only in eretz yisrael, because outside eretz yisrael we have a status of yechidim. eretz yisrael is metzaref the yechidimi into one nation is explained in the zohar - mi keamcha yisrael = goy echad baarets. when are we echad baaeretz.

Avromi said...

i will check on this bli neder