Wednesday, February 21, 2007

Daf Yomi - Megillah 14 - MEGILLAH AND HALLEL

There is a dispute cited in the Gemora regarding the reason that Hallel is not recited on Purim. One reason offered is that once Klal Yisroel entered Eretz Yisroel, we do not recite Hallel on a miracle that occurred outside of Eretz Yisroel. This reason is challenged because it can be said that once they were sent into exile, Hallel can be recited even on a miracle that transpired in the Diaspora. Rav Nachman states that the reading of the Megillah replaces the obligation to recite Hallel. Rava explains that there is no obligation to recite Hallel on the miracle of Purim because we are still servants of Achashverosh.

Shulchan Aruch (O”C 693:3) rules that Hallel is not recited on Purim. The Mishna Berura (7) cites Rava’s explanation that it was not regarded as a complete redemption since we are still servants of Achashverosh.

The Rambam in Hilchos Chanukah (3:6) writes that the sages did not establish the obligation to recite Hallel on Purim because the reading of the Megillah is regarded as if he would be reciting Hallel.

The Meiri writes that if one does not have an accessible Megillah, he has an obligation to recite Hallel. The Poskim dispute if this Hallel should be recited with a brocha or without.

The Chasam Sofer (O”C 192) asks the following question on this Meiri. If Purim falls out on a Friday, the cities that are surrounded by a wall will also read the Megillah on Friday. Shouldn’t they recite Hallel on Shabbos since that is their actual day of Purim? The Pri Megadim does state that this indeed would be the halacha.

In the sefer Birchas Refoel (14), he explains that when the Gemora states that “reading the Megillah is regarded as reciting Hallel” it does not mean that reading the Megillah is a fulfillment of the obligation of reciting Hallel; rather the meaning is that one is not obligated to recite Hallel after he already publicized the miracle of Purim. Once the Megillah was read, there is no necessity or reason to recite Hallel. According to this, there would not be any necessity to recite Hallel on Shabbos after the Megillah was read the day before.

4 comments:

ben said...

does the Chasam Sofer understand the Meiri to mean that although Megillah was read on Friday, since it can't be read on Shabbos, it is considerd "inaccessible?"

Avromi said...

I dont believe so, just that if he is understanding that Hallel can replace the Megillah, then why dont we recite it on Shabbos to at least fulfill the main mitzva somewhat on the proper day.

Anonymous said...

PACHAD YITZCHOK TAKES ISSUE WITH THE MEIRI. HE SAYS THAT SPECIFICALLY BECAUSE THE NES CAME ABOUT IN A HIDDEN WAY "HESTER" THEREFORE THE TYPE OF SHIRA MUST BE ACCORDINGLY-THROUGH MEGILAH AND NOT THROUGH HALLEL.
BEN S

Avromi said...

Why doesn't the Gemora say that as a reason for not reciting Hallel on Purim?