Sunday, February 04, 2007

Daf Yomi - Taanis 27 - Studying the Mitzva can be Regarded as Fulfilling it

The Gemora states that Hashem told Avraham Avinu that whenever Klal Yisroel will read the Torah portions pertaining to the korbanos, it will be regarded as if they brought korbanos and their sins will be forgiven.

The commentators discuss if this concept applies by other mitzvos as well. Perhaps it can be said that the studying of any mitzva that cannot be performed nowadays will be regarded as if one fulfilled the mitzva.

The Chafetz Chaim cites the Gemora in Bava Metzia (114b) that the Amoraim were fluent in Seder Kodoshim in the same manner as Seder Moed, Nashim and Nezikin. This is because Kodoshim was relevant to them since the learning about the korbanos was regarded as if they actually brought a korban. Implicit in his words that for some reason this was only true regarding Seder Kodoshim and not to Seder Zeroim or Taharos which also has many halachos that do not apply outside of Eretz Yisroel and after the destruction of the Beis Hamikdosh.

The Taz in his sefer Divrei Dovid maintains that the concept applies to all mitzvos and one who studies the laws of Zeraim, it will be regarded as if he gave terumos and ma'asros to the kohanim and levi'im and it will be considered as if he gave all the presents to the poor people. This is the explanation in Yaakov's words to Esav "Im Lavan garti," which Chazal understand to mean that Yaakov kept all 613 mitzvos in Lavan's house. There were many mitzvos that he was not able to fulfill at that time; it is evident that the studying of these mitzvos were regarded as if he fulfilled them all.

The Ben Ish Cahi explains the passuk in Nitzavim: "Ki Korov eilecha hadavar meod b'ficha u'vilvov'cha la'asoso." It is possible to fulfill all the mitzvos with your mouth (by studying them) even those mitzvos that you cannot actually perform.